Benefits of pizza and how to make pizza healthy. Let’s see
The history of pizza can be traced back to ancient civilizations in the Mediterranean, including the Greeks, Romans, and Egyptians, who all had some form of flatbread with toppings.
However, the modern pizza as we know it today originated in Naples, Italy in the 18th century. At that time, the pizza was a simple dish made with a flatbread crust, tomato sauce, and mozzarella cheese, known as “pizza Margherita.” Legend has it that the dish was created in honor of Queen Margherita of Savoy, who visited Naples in 1889 and was presented with a pizza that was designed to resemble the colors of the Italian flag: red (tomatoes), white (mozzarella), and green (basil).
Pizza became popular in Naples and other parts of Italy in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and it eventually made its way to the United States with Italian immigrants in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The first pizzeria in the US is said to have opened in New York City in 1905.
Over the years, pizza has become one of the most popular foods in the world, with countless variations and styles. Today, pizza can be found in virtually every country, and it has become a staple of fast food and casual dining around the globe.
Benefits of pizza
While pizza is often considered an indulgent and unhealthy food, it can also provide some benefits when consumed in moderation and with the right ingredients. Here are some potential benefits of pizza:
- Nutritious toppings: Pizza can be topped with a variety of nutritious ingredients, including vegetables, lean proteins like chicken or seafood, and healthy fats like avocado. These toppings can add vitamins, minerals, and fiber to your diet.
- Calcium from cheese: Cheese is a primary ingredient in pizza, and it is a good source of calcium, which is important for bone health.
- Whole grains from crust: Some pizza crusts are made with whole-grain flour, which can provide more fiber and nutrients than refined flour.
- Convenience: Pizza is a convenient food that can be easily ordered or prepared at home, making it a quick and easy meal option.
- Social benefits: Sharing a pizza with friends or family can be a fun and social experience, which can have mental health benefits.
It’s important to note that pizza can also be high in calories, sodium, and saturated fat depending on the toppings and preparation method. To make pizza a healthier choice, choose toppings wisely, opt for a thin crust, and watch portion sizes.
How to make healthy pizza
Pizza can be made healthier by making some simple modifications to the ingredients and preparation method. Here are some tips on how to make a healthy pizza:
- Use whole-grain crust: Whole-grain crusts provide more fiber and nutrients than refined flour crusts. You can also make your own crust using whole-wheat flour.
- Add lots of vegetables: Load up your pizza with plenty of vegetables, such as bell peppers, onions, mushrooms, spinach, and broccoli. This will add fiber, vitamins, and minerals to your pizza.
- Choose lean protein: Instead of using fatty meats like sausage or pepperoni, opt for lean protein sources such as chicken, turkey, or shrimp.
- Use low-fat cheese: Instead of using regular cheese, choose a low-fat or part-skim variety to reduce the calorie and fat content.
- Watch the portion size: Limit your pizza to one or two slices, and pair it with a side salad or other healthy vegetables.
- Avoid processed meats: Processed meats like ham or bacon should be avoided as they contain high levels of saturated fat and sodium, which can increase the risk of health problems like heart disease.
By making these simple changes, you can turn a typically unhealthy food into a nutritious meal that you can enjoy without the guilt.
Recipe of pizza
Here’s a recipe for a basic homemade pizza:
- 1 ½ cups of all-purpose flour
- 1 tablespoon of instant yeast
- 1 teaspoon of sugar
- ½ teaspoon of salt
- 1 tablespoon of olive oil
- ¾ cup of warm water
- ½ cup of pizza sauce
- 1 cup of shredded mozzarella cheese
- Desired toppings (e.g. vegetables, meats, etc.)
- In a large mixing bowl, whisk together the flour, yeast, sugar, and salt.
- Add the olive oil and warm water to the bowl and stir until a dough forms.
- Knead the dough on a floured surface for about 5 minutes until it becomes smooth and elastic.
- Place the dough in a greased bowl and cover with a clean towel. Let it rest in a warm place for about 30 minutes until it doubles in size.
- Preheat your oven to 425°F (218°C).
- Roll out the dough on a floured surface to the desired thickness and shape.
- Place the dough on a greased pizza pan or baking sheet.
- Spread the pizza sauce over the dough, leaving a small border around the edges.
- Sprinkle the shredded mozzarella cheese over the sauce.
- Add your desired toppings over the cheese.
- Bake the pizza for about 15-20 minutes until the crust is golden brown and the cheese is melted.
- Remove the pizza from the oven and let it cool for a few minutes before slicing and serving.
This recipe is customizable, so feel free to experiment with different toppings and sauces to create your own favorite pizza